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The Rebel Brothers of Bawnard House.

It was Tuesday, May 2nd 1916 and dawn was just about to break. Seven men in the uniform of the Royal Irish Constabulory, turned into the long laneway, leading to Bawnard House, an impressive farmhouse on two hundred acres, a short distance from Castlelyons village in North Cork. These RIC men were in no mood to appreciate the breaking of a new day, however. They had been sent from Fermoy Barracks, with orders to arrest the Kent brothers of Bawnard House, long-noted for their nationalist views and a thorn in the side of the British for many years.

Only a few days before, the Easter Rising had ended with the unconditional surrender of members of the Volunteers and the Citizen Army. Later that Tuesday morning, the first of the secret and hurried court-martials would begin in Dublin when Pearse, McDonagh and Clarke would be found guilty of treason and sentenced to death. Their executions would be carried out at dawn the following morning, Wednesday, May 3rd.

But these were tragic events still waiting to happen as the RIC silently approached the large and impressive Bawnard House early on that Tuesday morning. The four Kent brothers, all unmarried and living with their elderly widowed mother, Mary, were to be arrested. This, despite the fact that none of them had risen against the British during Easter Week, largely because the Cork Volunteers were totally confused by McNeill’s countermanding orders and didn’t have any idea what exactly was going on. The Kents, like so many others, up and down the country, waited in vain for word of a Cork uprising and when it didn’t arrive, they had returned home to Bawnard, disappointed and confused.

When the RIC, led by Head Constable Rowe, a native of County Wexford, demanded their surrender, the Kents refused. Was their refusal to go quietly and without a fight influenced by their chagrin at not rising up with their Dublin comrades the week before? We’ll never know now. What we do know is that when the brothers refused the RIC order, the constables opened fire on the house and the Kents returned it. For over three hours, the brothers, aided by their mother, who cleaned and cooled their guns, and the police had a stand -off, in the course of which Head Constable Rowe was killed and Richard, the youngest of the brothers, was severely wounded while trying to escape. David, another brother, was also injured in the shoot-out. Sometime during the attack, it seems the RIC were reinforced by the military. Finally, almost out of ammunition, the Kents had no choice but to surrender.

Thomas Kent. Bridge in Fermoy.Iconic photo of Thomas Kent, barefoot, and his brother William, being taken over Fermoy Bridge, to jail

In Cork prison, Thomas, David and William were tried for the murder of Constable Rowe. Richard had, by then, died of his wounds. William was acquitted and returned to Bawnard while both Thomas and David were sentenced to death. David’s sentence was commuted to five years. He served only one year however, being released from an English prison in the general amnesty of 1917. Both brothers went on to be politically active in the tumultuous years that followed the 1916 Rising. William became the first Sinn Féin chairman of Cork County Council in 1917 and David became Sinn Féin MP for Cork East in the 1918 general election.

Thomas was not so fortunate and was found guilty of the murder of Constable Rowe. As yet another day dawned, on the following Tuesday, May 9th, clutching his rosary beads, the fifty one year old nationalist and devout Catholic, was executed by firing squad in Cork Jail. His body was thrown into a quicklime grave in the grounds and there he languished for ninety nine years before his remains were exhumed and buried, following a state funeral, in the family vault in his native Castlelyons in 1915. In 1966, the 50th anniversary of the Rising, the railway station in Cork was renamed Kent Station in his honour.  Their mother, Mary, survived the deaths of her two sons by only a few months and died in 1917 while David was still in prison.

Thomas kent. Lying in state.Lying in state at Collin’s Barracks in 2015

Today, you can visit the family vault in the tranquil grounds of the Roman Catholic Church in Bridesbridge, near Castlelyons. Interestingly, not far from the Kent vault is buried yet another famous Irishman, An t-Athair Peadar O Laoghaire, author of Mo Scéal Féin, for many years a staple of the Leaving Certificate Irish course. He served as parish priest of Castlelyons from 1890 to 1920 and as such would have been ministering in the village during all the turmoil of the years leading up to the War of Independence, dying at the height of that brutal conflict in the parochial house on March 21st. 1920.

 

 

 

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Shadows of Evening

Black and TansAt 8am precisely, the Crossley Tender, drove out through the main gates of the barracks in the small garrison town of Tullybawn, and immediately turned left in the direction of Curramore village, just under three miles away to the west. As it belched its way in a cloud of blue smoke along the small country road, the Black and Tans sitting at the back of the lorry were tense and silent. The journey from Tullybawn to Glenlara Barracks was barely twenty miles but the route was a soldier’s nightmare, taking in, not only the village of Curramore, but the deep winding glen of Gleann na gCapall or Glen of the Horses, as the Tans knew it. From the minute the lorry entered the glen from the Curramore direction until it emerged onto the Glenlara side, it would travel through almost three miles of narrow winding road, bordered on one side by high wooded slopes and on the other, by a deep ravine with a small fast flowing river. Sporadic rebel activity had been reported in the Curramore area over the last few weeks and HQ were determined to stamp out any potential trouble by sending frequent high visibility patrols out around the countryside

***

The small village of Curramore slumbered in the warm glow of the June sunshine. It was still too early for many to be about. Old Patsy Connors, always first to appear in the street, drew down a bucket of water from the village pump, just a stone’s throw from the forge. As early as it was, wisps of smoke climbed leisurely from the chimney. Inside, the forge was full of dancing shadows though it would be a while yet before the sun swept into all the dusty corners. Mort Duggan, bathed in a halo of sparks, hammered at the red hot piece of steel on the anvil. Drops of sweat glistened like marbles on his forehead, even though he wore nothing but a pair of old woollen trousers and a blackened apron pulled over his bare chest.  Outside in the sunlight, a couple of Rhode Island hens pecked half heartedly along the dusty street and Noonan’s old black and white sheep dog sprawled in front of the shop, head buried deep between his front paws.

***

Private Albert Hawkins, hunched nearest the tailboard of the lorry, rifle in between his knees, felt his bowels move and hoped desperately he wouldn’t make a show of himself in front of the others. Already, he could feel the prickling of sweat under his armpits and his skin itched from the cheap khaki cloth. He knew, same as the others, that the patrol could have gone by the high road, around by Daly’s Hill and avoided the glen altogether. But Captain Hastings wouldn’t hear of it.

‘ Skulking round the long road, loike we’re scared! Scared of these murdering Oirish bastards. No bleeding way!’

His pencil moustache moved up and down as he spoke and little spots of spittle formed like sea spray on his lower lip.

So ‘ere we are then, sitting ducks for any Shinner who wants to take a pot shot at us, all because Captain bloody ‘astings ‘aint got the bloody brains ‘e was born with, Albert thought sarcastically.

***

Old Patsy raised his head.  He felt the sweat break out on his body. By the time his shaking hands had closed his cottage door behind him, the Crossley Tender was entering the village. Without reducing speed, it roared like a wounded elephant along the long street, throwing up swirling sprays of dust and scattering the squawking hens in a flurry of indignation and feathers. A small pool of water darkened a patch of ground outside Old Patsy’s cottage and inside the old man crossed himself, while Mort in the forge stopped his hammering and listened intently.

‘Bastards’ he muttered and his hands tightened unconsciously on the hammer. Shifting his head slightly, he spat on the dusty floor and   without noticing, let out a long shuddering sigh as he heard the lorry, without once slackening speed, trundle through the village and head in the direction of Gleann na gCapall.

Gradually, the peace of the morning was restored as the engine of the Crossley faded away in the distance and the early morning silence settled like an embrace around the village again.

 

‘Bleeding bastards, all of ‘em,’ Corporal Whyte said savagely to Albert ‘ watching from behoind their little windows, ‘oping we’ll be plugged  by their murdering sons and ‘usbands. And their wives and bleeding daughters too,’ he added  ‘fer all Oi know’

Albert said nothing.  The lorry entered the glen and he saw the high slopes on his left and the slow snake of water some twenty five feet below on his right. He clutched his rifle tighter, hands sweaty. He looked around at the men, smelling the fear, saw the darting eyes and jumping Adams’ apples.

‘Perfect for an ambush,eh’  Whyte gave a nervous giggle.

‘Shut th’ fuck up’, snarled the stocky Tan opposite.

Despite himself, Albert found his mind wandering back to last week’s dawn patrol.  He remembered Corporal Whyte and some of the others,, red faced and sweating, standing up in the lorry as they passed through the countryside, shooting at everything, cows, donkeys and crows, whooping and screaming like madmen and Captain Hastings smiling at their antics, yea, even encouraging them. Bile rose in his throat as he remembered the slow fall of the old woman, crumpling without a sound on the ground, thin legs sprawled obscenely as the yellow yolk of the broken eggs dribbled away slowly onto the dust.

‘No wonder they bloody well ‘ate us’ Albert thought’ wot we doing ‘ere anyway? We got no roight to be ‘ere, no roight at all’

There wasn’t a minute of the day when he didn’t regret joining up, that he wished he’d never volunteered, never seen that bleeding notice recruiting a new force for Ireland. He’d returned from the Great War a hero but found things in England had changed very quickly. Molly had married. Funny that, he never thought she wouldn’t be there for him. Married to Pearson, of all people, with his little shifty eyes, Pearson, who couldn’t go to save little Belgium because of his stammer and short leg.

‘You wasn’t there, Bert,’ she’d mumbled tearfully ‘ I was lonely,’

Suddenly, the heroes of the Great War were yesterday’s men, an embarrassment. People’s eyes slid away when they saw the broken faces and parents turned their little kids from the sight of empty sleeves and empty trouser legs.

The flu his father had caught in the summer of 1918 had destroyed his lungs. Poor sod, ‘e was bleeding lucky to be alive at all.

‘I’ll be back at work soon as good weather comes round, lad’. Coughing into the ashes, shrunken and beaten, they both knew he would never work again.  His mother’s silent despairing eyes were almost worse to bear, so when he saw the poster on the tavern wall, looking for men to sign up and keep the peace in Ireland, he thought it an answer to a prayer. Bloody ‘ell, he’d signed up like a shot.  Ten shillings a day would look after the old people, ‘e’d ‘ave free board and lodgings and ‘e’d be working, could ‘old his ‘ead up again.  Best of all, maybe, he wouldn’t have to see Molly every day and …

 

‘Stupid  sod,’ he mocked himself, looking at the tense faces of the swaying bodies beside him in the lorry, eyes resting on Whyte, stomach straining against the fabric of his tunic. His tongue, a pink slip of raw meat, popped out every few seconds like a snake, and licked his lips before disappearing back into the pink hole again. Albert felt sick. He took his cap off. Christ, it was ‘ot. Running his fingers around the rim, he heard Whyte say something to him and turned.

***

The column had been in the ditch almost three hours now. Thomas groaned and shifted slightly. His feet were cramped and he could feel the vicious stabbing of the pins and needles in his left foot. He glanced at his companion. Young Jamsie looked bad – uneven lines of sweat on his face and his burning eyes sunk back in his head. He hadn’t been the same since the column had been forced to spend almost a week sleeping in the open air in mid April. For almost a week, the Tans had crawled all over the countryside, raiding houses known to be sympathetic to the cause, beating up innocent people, shooting livestock and terrifying everyone.

The lads hadn’t dared sleep in any of the safe houses and to make it worse, the nights had been bitterly cold with icy torrential showers. They’d been almost continuously wet and Jamsie picked up a chill, which he’d never managed to shake off.  During the last few days, he’d got worse, shivering and feverish but he’d insisted on coming with them. Thomas had reluctantly agreed but looking now at his perspiring face and bloodshot eyes, he bitterly regretted that decision. He swore under his breath and squinted down the valley, sleeping like a twisted, serpent beneath him. Three fields away, a thin wisp of smoke curled lazily from Timmy Ben’s cottage. Another hour and then they’d go.

He settled down again. His eyes drifted over the fields below him and when he turned back, the fox was there – standing not ten feet away from them. Christ, she was beautiful. Her russet coat gleamed dully in the sunlight and she held her tail like she was royalty. She raised her head and sniffed and then padded daintily across the grass and with a quick effortless bound, she was over the hedge at the corner of the field and away.  He stood up carefully and watched her, mouth slightly open as she glided purposefully through the scrub grass before disappearing over the brow of the hill. Smiling slightly, he hoped Timmy Ben had his hens locked up. He settled down again and squinting upwards, noted the sun was climbing higher. Jaysus it was going to be another scorcher.

He looked down the ditch but could see no one, except Jamsie. He knew they were there though, John and Petie and Mick and Joey waiting his signal. Christ, so many ditches, so many signals, so many killings. He looked back at Jamsie. God, the lad was so bloody young.  He’d been like that once, a lifetime ago, in another world. He remembered the laughing lad whirling Katie Barry like a mad spinning top at Hannigans’ barn dance and the sweat streaming down Dinny Moloney’s broad face as his fingers raced and leapt over the keyboard of his aul squeeze box. For a moment, his face softened but then he tightened his lips. Enough! Thoughts like that made you soft and when you were soft, you made mistakes. Suddenly, his hand clenched as he heard his father’s bitter laugh.

‘Listen boyo, it matters not one whit whether we’re ruled by the English or the Irish.  We’ll still be struggling to survive and you’re a bigger bolloxl than I took you for, if you believe being ruled by Irishmen is going to make any fecking difference to the likes of us’.

Well, that laughing boy was dead, wandering forever in a grey world of bodies and bullets, a world where you trusted no one except those whose loyalty was proven, like the lads in the ditch beside him. For them, there was no yesterday and no tomorrow. There was only the ditch they were lying in, the next ambush and the winding glen below.

Abruptly, he stopped. Eyes narrowed, body rigid, hands clenched on metal, he scanned the glen spread out underneath him. The hum of an engine, faint at first but getting louder and rougher as he listened.  Like a shutter, his eyes narrowed in a straight line from the ditch.

He turned urgently to Jamie, flapping his hand and pointing. Jamie nodded quickly and began to crawl rapidly to his right.

By the time, the Crossley Tender bellowed into view, they were ready.  Thomas squinted through the raised rifle sights and grunted in satisfaction. Christ, there must be eighteen or twenty of ‘em. His sight swung back and rested on the Tan, swaying near the tailboard, rifle between his knees, hands clenched around the butt. As Thomas steadied himself, gun and arms resting on top of the bank, the Tan suddenly raised his right hand and removing his cap, he ran a finger inside the rim, before turning slightly to the fat soldier sitting beside him.

Above on the rise, the sun climbed higher. Thomas closed one eye, scanned along the sights of the Lee Enfield and gently squeezed.

***

‘Shadows of Evening’ won the 2011 Canon Sheehan Short Story Award at Doneraile Arts Festival.

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The Wedding

Saturday was a milestone in our family as the first of the next generation, my nephew Stephen, married long time girlfriend, Diane, watched by daughter Sophie and a large gathering of family and friends in Broadford, Co. Limerick. IMG_0229

It was a joyful celebration as well as an opportunity of catching up with family and neighbours who I hadn’t seen in a while. It was also somewhat sobering to realise that I should have been in training for the last six months as one requires loads of stamina(as well as comfortable shoes that actually fit) to survive any length of time on the dance floor. Judging from the flamboyance of most of the guests, they must have been in serious training since at least the beginning of the year. I only wish someone had warned me as I had to retire, limping and panting, from the floor at a disgracefully early hour. Well, it was a choice of  either clutching on to my pride and my shoes and going gracefully( Edna, please note)or having a heart attack and ruining everyone’s day so I quietly took my leave of the dancing throngs and gasped my way, unseen, to a hidden corner to recover. I mean,  I didn’t even manage to make it as far as completing the first part of the polka set. When I staggered into the Ladies and looked in the mirror, I frightened the living daylights out of myself as I was confronted by two fearsomely wicked looking black eyes. Jesus, I thought I was after developing some deadly virulent and rapid strain of kidney disease but thank God it was only the mascara that was after running what with all the perspiring and high jinks on the dance floor. In truth though I was only pathetic so in that moment of epiphany, alone, well, except for the mirror and the fearsome eyes, in the Ladies of The Devon Inn, I resolved that things had to change or to be more accurate, I resolved that I had to step up to the plate or possibly step away from the plate altogether and transform myself into something respectable.

So the Campaign commences! I have thirteen months to discover the svelte figure long since subsumed into blubber. The next family wedding is next summer when my daughter ties the knot and as mother of the bride, there is no question of letting the side down and cowering in the corner,avoiding the cameras, while making my slow, painful way back to normality. No, the aunt of the groom might get away with such wimpish behaviour but the mother of the bride will have to maintain a high visibility at all times and can’t be alarming guests by changing colours, oozing sweat and seeming to be permanently on the verge of some sort of apoplectic fit. This behaviour would also be a sure recipe for being murdered Agatha -Christie like by the daughter and being the cause of shaming the entire family and parish by having the case discussed in lurid detail in The Mail on Sunday and destroying centuries of respectability in the time that it takes me to eat one jam tart. Ok, ok then, maybe three.🍰

So it seems there is nothing for it but regular attendance at Weight Watchers, constant workouts at the gym, abstinence from all cakes, buns, biscuits and chocolates, cycling to school daily and undertaking three mile runs twice a day before breakfast. I’m so out of condition I’m even thinking I might need the services of a personal trainer to make me fit for public viewing, oh and obviously I’ll require a large loan from the credit union on top of everything else to fund all the above activities.

Whenever I falter, all I need to think about is my future son in law’s mother and the fact that she will be beaming out, forever, from the pages of the wedding album, a resplendent size 12 while I’ll be a source of embarrassment and disgrace to my loved ones by being the (fat) black sheep of the family resembling a sumo wrestler in a heatwave and hat

I wonder now is it too late to persuade the daughter to run away and do the deed in someplace like Riga or Stalingrad and maybe to forget the photographer and the dancing altogether? 🙄

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DSC00751The gang out in force for afternoon tea in Longueville House.

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Tea break and chat.

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Writing Day with Mary-Anne, Mary and Margaret.

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Storming the Castle.

Bunratty CastleBunratty Folk ParkBunratty Folk ParkCottage in Folk Park

Today was the First Year Coláiste Treasa School Tour which took in Bunratty Castle and Folk Park, some bowling before stopping for a while at the Crescent Shopping Centre for a spot of shopping. The students were full of good humour,even at 9am, unlike some staff members who needed a cup of coffee before launching themselves into a day of glorious sunshine. As usual, it was a pleasure to accompany them. Everyone was so well behaved in fact, that disappointingly, there was no need to use the murder hole or lock anyone up in the awful dungeons, where long ago prisoners were incarcerated and left to die. We did think about throwing Maggie in but resisted the temptation! She’s too valuable, as I need her every time I have to use any technology for classes.

Students found it almost impossible to believe that people actually lived in some of the cottages they saw. They were appalled particularly when they learned that cattle slept in the house with the people because they were so valuable and of course, the cows also provided heat. They were all very glad that they didn’t live back then. The buses arrived back at school with everyone tired and shopped out,  in good time for supper.

Above are some images from the Folk Park.

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Meg and Marguerite looking forward to Dessert @The Lemon Leaf Cafe

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